Major export products:
iron and steel products, textile products, wine, fruit, vegetables, processed food
Principal export partners:
Germany, Serbia, Greece, Italy, USA
Major import products:
oil, vehicles, equipment
Principal import partners:
Germany, Serbia, Ukraine, Greece, Russian Federation, Slovenia
electricity, crude oil processing, steel, metal refining, metal processing, buses, synthetic fibers, cigarettes, textiles, shoes, machinery, furniture
coal (lignite), zinc ore, lead ore, silicon ore, nickel ore, chromium ore, marble
principal crops (wheat, corn, sugar beet), rice, sunflower, tobacco, grapes, early-market garden vegetables (tomatoes, cucumbers, peppers, cabbage) Macedonia has propitious conditions for agriculture and is nearly self-sufficient in food production. Over 60,000 tractors are in use. The private sector accounts for over 80% of agricultural production.
Forests cover an area of 955,228 hectares,
of which 857,805 is state property.
- beech tree 232,644 hectares
- oak tree 284,253 hectares
- pine tree 61,795 hectares
Structure by type of property:
- Private 63,973
- Social 809
- Mixed 769
- Cooperative 1,436
- State 39
Structure by origin of capital:
- Domestic 64,164
- Foreign 980
- Mixed 1,882
Macedonia is at the crossroads of Southeastern Europe. Its developed road and railway infrastructure and the two international airports with regular direct connections to several major European transport centers make it an ideal transit and distribution center.
The two large Pan-European corridors – Corridor 8 (east-west) and Corridor 10 (north-south) are currently being upgraded. This will additionally strengthen the capacity of the Macedonian transport network.