Macedonia is a Republic having multi-party parliamentary democracy and a political system with strict division into legislative, executive and judicial branches. From 1945 Macedonia had been a sovereign Republic within Federal Yugoslavia and on September 8, 1991, following the referendum of its citizens, Macedonia was proclaimed a sovereign and independent state. The Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia was adopted on November 17, 1991, by the first multiparty parliament. The basic intention was to constitute Macedonia as a sovereign and independent, civil and democratic state and also to create an institutional framework for the development of parliamentary democracy, guaranteeing human rights, civil liberties and national equality.
The Assembly is the central and most important institution of state authority (www.sobranie.mk). According to the Constitution it is a representative body of the citizens and the legislative power of the Republic is vested in it. The Assembly is composed of 120 seats.
The President of the Republic of Macedonia represents the Republic, and is Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of Macedonia. He is elected in general and direct elections, for a term of five years, and two terms at most. (www.president.gov.mk)
Executive power of the Republic of Macedonia is bicephalous and is divided between the Government and the President of the Republic. The Government is elected by the Assembly of the Republic of Macedonia by a majority vote of the total number of Representatives, and is accountable for its work to the Assembly. The organization and work of the Government is defined by a law on the Government.
In accordance with its constitutional competencies, executive power is vested in the Government of the Republic of Macedonia (www.vlada.mk). It is the highest institution of the state administration and has, among others, the following responsibilities: it proposes laws, the budget of the Republic and other regulations passed by the Assembly, it determines the policies of execution of laws and other regulations of the Assembly and is responsible for their execution, decides on the recognition of states and governments, establishes diplomatic and consular relations with other states, proposes the Public Prosecutor, proposes the appointment of ambassadors and representatives of the Republic of Macedonia abroad and appoints chiefs of consular offices, and also performs other duties stipulated by the Constitution and law.